Obesity And Heart Disease: Know The Risks

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With so many people suffering from obesity these days, particularly in developed nations, it is important to understand the health risks surrounding excess weight gain. Obesity wreaks havoc on your physical body, and damages your mental state of mind; the cardiovascular problems associated with obesity affect both your physiological and neurological capacities, leading to issues like diabetes, depression, and most notably, heart disease. Heart disease is one of the most common and dangerous risks that obesity poses to people, so let’s take a closer look at the relationship between the two and what you can do to avoid engaging your body in this destructive relationship.

Obesity is defined as being overweight to the extent that a person’s BMI (Body Mass Index) is over 30. Obesity can be caused by genetic factors, such as a thyroid disorder, but it is most commonly caused by overeating, a lack of exercise, and a diet rooted in sugar, trans fat, and processed food consumption.  A person suffering from obesity will have high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure, the leading factors that cause heart disease. Additionally, obesity can cause sudden chest pains caused by a decrease in oxygen to the heart (angina) and has been known to cause sudden death from heart problems or stroke without signs or symptoms.

As evidenced above, obesity and heart disease and related and cause a serious threat to your health.  The good news is that you have the ability to reduce the risk of these adverse effects now if you take your life back into your own hands and start developing healthier habits. Even if you are obese, changing your lifestyle to include exercise and healthy eating will decrease your chance for heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol; losing just 10% of your body weight will reduce these risks and get your heart back on track.

While heart problems and obesity can be caused by genetic factors, the ball is really in your court in terms of avoiding these dangerous health problems. You have the power to shape and control your eating and exercise habits—it is up to you to choose a healthy lifestyle and then make the commitment to live it day by day. Visit a nutritionist, make a healthy eating plan, join a gym or make an exercise plan on your own. All of these things will contribute to your overall health and sense of well-being, and will help you to avoid health problems that can impede on your enjoyment of life or even cut it short.

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Does Smoking Damage the Heart?

Yes, smoking can damage the heart. The heart is the organ that supplies blood and oxygen to all parts of the body. It is about the size of a clenched fist, weighs about 10.5 ounces and is shaped like a cone. The heart is the most important muscle in the body. Circulation of blood also picks up waste products like poisons from cigarette smoke and carries them to different parts of the body. So cigarette smoking can cause serious damage to the heart.


Atherosclerosis is a disease where there is a build-up of plaque inside your arteries. Plaque is composed of fatty deposits, cholesterol, calcium and other substances that over time will cause the arteries to become narrower and therefore lessen the flow of blood to the brain, heart and the rest of the body.

Atherosclerosis is one of the major causes of heart attacks, strokes, heart diseases and most other cardiovascular diseases. The toxins and poisons coming from the cigarette smoke when entering the blood can greatly contribute to having atherosclerosis by accelerating the build up the plaque inside the arteries. Smoking can also cause elevation of cholesterol.

Heart attack

People who have atherosclerosis can suffer a heart attack as a blockage in the main artery may cause restricted blood flow to the heart. This causes pain and the person will have a heart attack. The main reason is because the blood and the oxygen it carries cannot pass through the main artery or the vessels supplying blood to the heart. This causes damage to the heart muscle and the heart or that area that is depleted of much needed blood flow may subsequently dies as a result.


Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a person has insufficient blood and oxygen supplying the heart or an area of the heart muscle. It can be caused by physical exertion but it can also be due to smoking. Angina usually does not cause death whereas a heart attack may result in death.


Smoking cigarettes puts people at a higher risk of suffering a stroke or cerebrovascular accident(CVA). A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood and oxygen reaching a part of the brain causing brain cells to die. Lack of oxygen to the brain is often caused by atherosclerosis in the artery that leads to the brain, which restricts the blood flow and therefore the amount of oxygen that is carried with it. As the blood flow is restricted due to the fatty deposit build up, which narrows the arteries, a blood clot may form and a stroke will result as the tissues around the brain are starved of oxygen.

The effects and benefits of giving up smoking on the cardiovascular system are often immediate and greatly reduce the risk of suffering any of these diseases. Once a smoker stops smoking atherosclerosis is slowed down, the blood is less likely to clot and oxygen and blood can pass through the arteries more freely and more easily, which relieves stress on the heart and lessens the damage on the heart. Cholesterol levels are also reduced, which will slow the build-up of cholesterol in the arteries.

A great initiative to stop smoking is to seek out a Quit Cigarettes in 60 Minutes Specialist who uses Hypnosis and Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) which has an astounding success rate of 95.6%. It is also backed up with a lifetime guarantee and only takes one session.

If you found this article of interest and would like to be notified as more articles become available subscribe on my website www.LifeCoachToQuitSmoking.com.  Also ‘Like’ my Facebook page to get exclusive offers, share your stories and join our community at www.facebook.com/lifecoachtoquitsmoking.