In Depth With Diabetes

dream designs /

Diabetes is a common disorder that affects at least 346 million people worldwide according to the World Health Organization. It is the most common of the endocrine disorders and at its most basic level, it is the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or respond to insulin which results in a person having very high blood sugar levels. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the uptake of glucose (sugar) by the body’s vital organs. There are various types of diabetes. Let’s discuss the types and treatment so you know what the risks are and how to face them.

Diabetes is the body’s inability to regulate blood sugar and there are three manifestations of this failure:

Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 is caused by the body inability to produce insulin. This is the most serious form of the disease and it currently requires that a person inject insulin on a daily basis. Failure to do so can result in vomiting, dehydration, and at worst diabetic coma and death.

Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 is characterized by insulin resistance; the body and its cells are unable to properly process insulin. Generally not as dangerous as Type 1, Type 2 causes a person to suffer from long-term high blood sugar and this can increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other health problems.

Gestational Diabetes: The gestational form of the disease that pregnant women, generally without a history of diabetes, develop the condition for the duration of their pregnancy. They suffer from high blood sugar during their pregnancy, and this can sometimes lead to the development of Type 2 later in life.

The good news about diabetes is that it is a very manageable disease, provided the affected have access to a good level of medical treatment. People suffering from diabetes must live a lifestyle that has a diet that regulates their blood sugar levels in addition to taking any medication that may be required. It is crucial that people who suffer with the condition are properly diagnosed and medically treated; failure to do so can be catastrophic and even fatal.

People can be born with diabetes, but it is also a disease that can develop at any point in life. Type 1 is often attributed to genetics and it cannot be prevented, but Type 2 can. There is a strong link between obesity and the development of Type 2, meaning that a diet that is high in sugar and fats can lead to diabetes. It is important that you prevent your chances of developing Type 2 by engaging in healthy eating practices that include a healthy balance of fruits, grains, vegetable, and protein. Some things, like Type 1, you can’t control, so it is important that you take control of the things you can by creating a lifestyle that prevents Type 2.

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Obesity And Heart Disease: Know The Risks

Michelle Meiklejohn /

With so many people suffering from obesity these days, particularly in developed nations, it is important to understand the health risks surrounding excess weight gain. Obesity wreaks havoc on your physical body, and damages your mental state of mind; the cardiovascular problems associated with obesity affect both your physiological and neurological capacities, leading to issues like diabetes, depression, and most notably, heart disease. Heart disease is one of the most common and dangerous risks that obesity poses to people, so let’s take a closer look at the relationship between the two and what you can do to avoid engaging your body in this destructive relationship.

Obesity is defined as being overweight to the extent that a person’s BMI (Body Mass Index) is over 30. Obesity can be caused by genetic factors, such as a thyroid disorder, but it is most commonly caused by overeating, a lack of exercise, and a diet rooted in sugar, trans fat, and processed food consumption.  A person suffering from obesity will have high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure, the leading factors that cause heart disease. Additionally, obesity can cause sudden chest pains caused by a decrease in oxygen to the heart (angina) and has been known to cause sudden death from heart problems or stroke without signs or symptoms.

As evidenced above, obesity and heart disease and related and cause a serious threat to your health.  The good news is that you have the ability to reduce the risk of these adverse effects now if you take your life back into your own hands and start developing healthier habits. Even if you are obese, changing your lifestyle to include exercise and healthy eating will decrease your chance for heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol; losing just 10% of your body weight will reduce these risks and get your heart back on track.

While heart problems and obesity can be caused by genetic factors, the ball is really in your court in terms of avoiding these dangerous health problems. You have the power to shape and control your eating and exercise habits—it is up to you to choose a healthy lifestyle and then make the commitment to live it day by day. Visit a nutritionist, make a healthy eating plan, join a gym or make an exercise plan on your own. All of these things will contribute to your overall health and sense of well-being, and will help you to avoid health problems that can impede on your enjoyment of life or even cut it short.

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